Chapter 4: OEM repair procedures

OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) repair procedures are guidelines and instructions provided by vehicle manufacturers for repairing and restoring vehicles to their original specifications after collision damage. These procedures are crucial for ensuring the safety, integrity, and performance of the repaired vehicle.

Importance of OEM Procedures:

OEM repair procedures are considered the industry standard for conducting safe and effective repairs. They are developed by the same entities that designed and manufactured the vehicles, making them the most authoritative source for repair information.

Safety and Performance:

Following OEM repair procedures is essential to maintain the safety features and structural integrity of the vehicle. These procedures provide detailed instructions on how to repair and replace components to ensure that safety systems function as intended.

Structural Repair Guidelines:

OEMs provide specific guidelines for repairing the structural components of a vehicle, including frame repair, alignment procedures, and recommendations for working with advanced materials such as high-strength steel and aluminium.

Materials and Joining Techniques:

As vehicles incorporate advanced materials like composites, aluminium, and high-strength steel, OEM repair procedures provide specific instructions on how to work with these materials. This includes recommended welding techniques, adhesives, and riveting methods.

Electronic Systems and Calibration:

With the increasing integration of electronic systems and ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems), OEM repair procedures include information on how to diagnose, calibrate, and reset these systems after collision repairs. Proper calibration is crucial for the accurate functioning of safety features.

Paint and Finish Guidelines:

OEMs provide recommendations for paint and finish procedures to ensure that the repaired vehicle matches the original factory finish in terms of color, texture, and durability. This includes information on paint application, blending techniques, and curing processes.

Parts Replacement Recommendations:

OEM repair procedures specify which parts should be replaced and which can be repaired. This guidance ensures that damaged components are replaced with genuine parts, maintaining the vehicle’s original design and performance.

Repair Documentation:

OEMs provide documentation and repair manuals that include step-by-step instructions, diagrams, and illustrations to guide technicians through the repair process. This documentation serves as a comprehensive resource for repair professionals.

Warranty Considerations:

Following OEM repair procedures is often a requirement to maintain the vehicle’s warranty. Deviating from these procedures may void warranties and expose repair facilities to liability.

Continuous Updates:

OEM repair procedures are regularly updated to incorporate new technologies, materials, and repair techniques. Repair professionals need access to the latest documentation to stay current with industry advancements.

Certification and Training:

Some OEMs may require repair facilities to be certified or trained to use their repair procedures. This ensures that repair professionals have the necessary skills and knowledge to execute repairs according to the manufacturer’s standards.

Collision repair professionals, technicians, and repair facilities are strongly encouraged to adhere to OEM repair procedures to ensure the quality and safety of repairs. Access to up-to-date repair information is crucial for staying current with the latest advancements in automotive technology and materials.

You may also like these